When is per curiam used?

Asked by: Kelly Cooper  |  Last update: 18 June 2021
Score: 4.6/5 (67 votes)

Per curiam decisions tend to be short. In modern practice, they are most commonly used in summary decisions that the Court resolves without full argument and briefing. The designation is stated at the beginning of the opinion.

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Also to know, What is the purpose of a per curiam opinion?

Overview. A per curiam decision is a court opinion issued in the name of the Court rather than specific judges. Most decisions on the merits by the courts take the form of one or more opinions written and signed by individual justices. Often, other judges/justices will join these opinions.

Also asked, How do you use per curiam?.
per curiam
  1. [Latin, By the court.] A phrase used to distinguish an opinion of the whole court from an opinion written by any one judge. ...
  2. adj. Latin for "by the court," defining a decision of an appeals court as a whole in which no judge is identified as the specific author.
  3. 'by the court'.

Hereof, Why does the Supreme Court issue per curiam opinions?

Traditionally, the per curiam opinion was used to signal that a case was uncontroversial, obvious, and did not require a substantial opinion. ... By the turn of the century, the Court also regularly issued per curiams for brief affirmances and reversals of lower court decisions.

What does the term per curiam mean in a legal context?

Per curiam is a Latin term that means "by the court as a whole." A per curiam decision is a ruling issued collectively by a group or panel of judges of an appellate court.

42 related questions found

What are the 3 types of Supreme Court opinions?

  • Majority opinion.
  • Dissenting opinion.
  • Plurality opinion.
  • Concurring opinion.
  • Memorandum opinion.
  • Per curiam opinion.
  • Seriatim opinion.

Is a per curiam opinion binding?

Unanimous and signed opinions are not considered per curiam decisions, as only the court can officially designate opinions as per curiam.

What are the 4 types of Supreme Court opinions?

What are the 4 types of Supreme Court opinions?
  • Unanious. All agree.
  • Majority. Most agree but not all.
  • Discent. Don't agree, disagree.
  • Conquring. Voted with majority, but don't agree with the reasons.

What does per curiam affirmed mean?

Per curiam decisions are issued by the court as a whole rather than authored by a specific judge. Per curiam affirmed (PCA) means that the appeals court affirms the trial court's decision without issuing an opinion or explanation of its own.

What does CJ and JJ mean?

The Court does not always reveal the author of an opinion but it always shows how each justice voted. ... The last name is followed by “J.” to denote “Justice” or “C.J.” to denote “Chief Justice.” For example, “Smith, J.” stands for “Justice Smith” – “J.” is not the first initial of the justice's first name.

How do you cite a per curiam opinion?


1 Examples: per curiam, en banc, plurality opinion, dissenting opinion These terms should be included in a parenthetical following the cite Example: Wersba v. Seiler, 393 F. 2d 937 (3d Cir. 1968) (per curiam).

What does it mean when a Supreme Court order is unsigned?

The vast majority of cases filed in the Supreme Court are disposed of summarily by unsigned orders. Such an order will, for example, deny a petition for certiorari without comment.

What is a noted dissent?

A dissenting opinion (or dissent) is an opinion in a legal case in certain legal systems written by one or more judges expressing disagreement with the majority opinion of the court which gives rise to its judgment. When not necessarily referring to a legal decision, this can also be referred to as a minority report.

What is a unanimous decision in court?

A split decision is distinct from a unanimous decision in which all the judges join in agreement. In a split decision, the will of the majority of the judges is binding, and one member of the majority delivers the opinion of the court itself.

What cases will the Supreme Court hear in 2020?

Here are some of the hot-button arguments awaiting the Supreme Court in 2020.
  • Trump's financial records.
  • Louisiana's abortion law.
  • Religious school scholarships.
  • Religious exemptions from discrimination suits.
  • Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.
  • Google v. Oracle.
  • Bridgegate and public corruption.

What is a Supreme Court syllabus?

The syllabus appears first, before the main opinion. It is not part of the official opinion, but rather, a sum- mary added by the Court to help the reader better understand the case and the decision. The syllabus out- lines the facts of the case and the path that the case has taken to get to the Supreme Court.

What part of a Supreme Court decision comes at the very beginning?

Summary is at the very beginning. The summary briefly states what the trial is about, then the trial can go on.

Who controls the Supreme Court 2020?

The Honorable John G. Roberts, Jr., is the 17th Chief Justice of the United States, and there have been 103 Associate Justices in the Court's history.