What is meant by bothria?

Asked by: Sasha Brown  |  Last update: 29 June 2021
Score: 4.3/5 (21 votes)

Bothria are muscular grooves that provide attachment by pinching host tissue between them. Pseudophyllidean cestodes such as Bothriocephalus (left) and Diphyllobothrium (right) make use of bothria (arrows).

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Likewise, people ask, What does Scolex mean?

Medical Definition of scolex

: the head of a tapeworm either in the larva or adult stage from which the proglottids are produced by budding.

Likewise, Which of the following belong to order Pseudophyllidea?. Platyhelminthes (flatworms)

Spirometra species like Diphylobothrium latum belong to Class Pseudophyllidea, and their larvae can develop in stages, within two secondary hosts.

Regarding this, Where are Proglottids found?

Mature proglottids each have genital organs consisting of about 300 to 400 testes and a vaginal sphincter. The gravid proglottids are found in the last fifth of the worm and contain 15-20 lateral branches.

What is the function of Rostellum?

Function. The rostellum is an organ of attachment of tapeworms, in addition to the surrounding suckers, to the intestinal wall of the host. It is protruded during attachment, and by the use of hooks penetrates the intestinal mucosa.

20 related questions found

Why is a scolex needed?

The head, or scolex, bears suckers and often hooks, which are used for attachment to the host. The body covering is a tough cuticle, through which food is absorbed.

What is the another name of scolex?

noun plural scoleces (skəʊˈliːsiːz) or scolices (ˈskɒlɪˌsiːz, ˈskəʊ-) the headlike part of a tapeworm, bearing hooks and suckers by which the animal is attached to the tissues of its host.

What is the meaning of Proglottid?

: a segment of a tapeworm containing both male and female reproductive organs.

How can Taeniasis be prevented?

The most effective way to prevent taeniasis is to cook food thoroughly. This means cooking meat to a temperature above 140°F (60°F) for five minutes or more. Measure the meat temperature with a cooking thermometer.

What does Cercaria mean?

Medical Definition of cercaria

: a usually tadpole-shaped larval trematode worm that develops in a molluscan host from a redia. Other Words from cercaria. cercarial \ -​ē-​əl \ adjective.

Are Proglottids hard?

Proglottids contain tapeworm eggs; these eggs are released into the environment when the proglottid dries out. The dried proglottids are small (about 2 mm), hard and yellowish in color and can sometimes be seen stuck to the fur around the pet's anus.

What is a Strobile?

1 [New Latin strobilus] : strobilus. 2 : a spike with persistent overlapping bracts that resembles a cone and is the pistillate inflorescence of the hop.

What is Hexacanth?

zoology. : having six hooks specifically : constituting the onchosphere of a tapeworm.

What does Tegument mean?

Definition. noun. (1) (anatomy) An outer covering of the body or of a bodily organ; an integument.

How do Cestodes affect humans?

Clinical Manifestations. Adult Tapeworms: Adult worms are found in the small intestine; these infections are usually well tolerated or asymptomatic, but may cause abdominal distress, dyspepsia, anorexia (or increased appetite), nausea, localized pain, and diarrhea.

How do Cestodes get their nutrients?

Cestodes have no gut or mouth and absorb nutrients from the host's alimentary tract through their specialised neodermal cuticle, or tegument, through which gas exchange also takes place. The tegument also protects the parasite from the host's digestive enzymes and allows it to transfer molecules back to the host.

What do tapeworms turn into?

When an animal has a tapeworm infection, it has tapeworm larvae in its muscle tissue. If you eat raw or undercooked meat from an infected animal, you ingest the larvae, which then develop into adult tapeworms in your intestines.

What does Rostellum mean?

: a small process resembling a beak : a diminutive rostrum: such as. a : an extension of the stigma of an orchid flower. b : an anterior prolongation of the head of a tapeworm bearing hooks.

What is an Hexacanth embryo?

the embryo of tapeworms of the subclass Cestoda, such as Taenia saginata, characterized by three pairs of hooks used for penetration through the gut of an intermediate host.