In medical terms what is a sialorrhea?

Asked by: Sonia Mitchell  |  Last update: 18 June 2021
Score: 4.8/5 (65 votes)

Sialorrhea (drooling or excessive salivation) is a common problem in neurologically impaired children (i.e., those with mental retardation or cerebral palsy) and in adults who have Parkinson's disease or have had a stroke. It is most commonly caused by poor oral and facial muscle control.

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Correspondingly, What is the other medical term for Sialorrhea?

: excessive salivation : hypersalivation. — called also ptyalism.

Just so, How is Sialorrhea treated?. Sialorrhea is known to be difficult to treat. Management can be conservative or more invasive. Conservative treatments include changes in diet or habits, oral-motor exercises, intra-oral devices such as palatal training devices, and medical treatments such as medication or botulinum toxin injections.

In this regard, What is Hypersalivation a symptom of?

Causes of Excessive Saliva

Drooling or hypersalivation in adults is usually associated with infections or nervous system disorders. Hypersalivation in adults is primarily caused by: Mononucleosis or sinus infections. Strep throat or tonsillitis.

What is the medical term for Hypersalivation?

Hypersalivation, also known as sialorrhea or ptyalism, is when a person has too much saliva in their mouth. It can result in saliva from the mouth spilling over the bottom lip, known as drooling. Depending on the cause, hypersalivation can either be constant or intermittent.

22 related questions found

Is excess saliva a sign of dehydration?

Besides the more obvious signs of hypersalivation such as drooling or spitting, other symptoms may include: Bad breath. Chapped lips. Dehydration.

Can Hypersalivation go away?

Hypersalivation may be temporary or chronic depending on the cause. For example, if you're dealing with an infection, your mouth may produce more saliva to help flush out the bacteria. Hypersalivation usually stops once the infection has been successfully treated.

How can I stop excess saliva?

The best ways to stop drooling
  1. Change sleeping positions. Share on Pinterest Certain sleeping positions may encourage drooling. ...
  2. Treat allergies and sinus problems. ...
  3. Take medication. ...
  4. Receive Botox injections. ...
  5. Attend speech therapy. ...
  6. Use an oral appliance. ...
  7. Have surgery.

Does anxiety cause Hypersalivation?

Excessive anxiety may even lead to IBS or stress-induced stomach ulcers, both of which can cause hypersalivation.

What medications can cause excessive salivation?

Medications that can cause overproduction of saliva include:
  • aripiprazole.
  • clozapine.
  • pilocarpine.
  • ketamine.
  • potassium chlorate.
  • risperidone.
  • pyridostigmine.

What is the reason for excessive saliva?

Drooling is usually caused by excess saliva in the mouth. Medical conditions such as acid reflux and pregnancy can increase saliva production. Allergies, tumors, and above-the-neck infections such as strep throat, tonsil infection, and sinusitis can all impair swallowing.

What causes overproduction of saliva?

Causes of saliva overproduction include pregnancy, excessive starch intake, gastroesophageal reflux disease, pancreatitis, liver disease, serotonin syndrome, oral ulcers, and oral infections. Medications that can cause saliva overproduction include clozapine, pilocarpine, ketamine, and potassium chlorate.

Can a stroke cause excessive saliva?

Salivation after stroke (sialorrhea, hypersalivation, ptyalism) can be caused by the overproduction or a lack of utilization of saliva. Patients after stroke often have sialorrhea as a result of dysphagia. Neurogenic dysphagia in acute period after stroke occurs in 25-65% of patients.

Is salivation sympathetic or parasympathetic?

The secretion of saliva (salivation) is mediated by parasympathetic stimulation; acetylcholine is the active neurotransmitter and binds to muscarinic receptors in the glands, leading to increased salivation.

What nerve is responsible for drooling?

Cranial Nerve 9 - Glossopharyngeal (IX)

Parasympathetic fibers stimulate the secretion of saliva from the parotid gland.

What causes excess salivation in older adults?

Excess saliva can be a side effect of medications, such as tranquilizers, epilepsy drugs and anticholinesterases, often used in treatment of early dementia, such as donepezil (Aricept). Some diseases also cause excess saliva, especially Parkinson's disease and some strokes.

How can I stop excessive saliva at night?

Treatment options
  1. Sleep position. The first thing to try is to switch up your sleep position. ...
  2. Home remedies. It's important to maintain a healthy balance of saliva in your mouth. ...
  3. Mandibular device. A mandibular device is an oral appliance. ...
  4. CPAP machine. ...
  5. Botox injections. ...
  6. Surgery.

Why does my mouth keep filling up with saliva and I feel sick?

“Our digestive process starts in the mouth with the saliva, which is high in amylase, an important digestive enzyme that helps break down carbohydrates. So as part of the digestive process triggered by whatever may be causing the nausea, we have increased salivation,” said Eliaz, based in Sebastopol, Calif.

Is it bad to swallow saliva?

Swallowing saliva further protects the digestive tract by shielding the esophagus from harmful irritants, and helping to prevent gastrointestinal reflux (heartburn).